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A survey of antimicrobial residues in table eggs in Khartoum State, Sudan, 2007–2008

Mohamed M. Sirdar, Jackie Picard, Shahn Bisschop, Alexander R. Jambalang, Bruce Gummow

Onderstepoort J Vet Res; Vol 79, No 1 (2012), 9 pages. doi: 10.4102/ojvr.v79i1.360

Submitted: 14 July 2011
Published:  16 April 2012


The risk to consumers of antimicrobial residues in table eggs produced in Khartoum State, Sudan, was studied. All producing layer farms (n = 175) in the state were sampled in April, June and August 2008. A total of 933 eggs from 335 layer houses were screened for antimicrobial residues by using the growth inhibition of Geobacillus stearothermophilus var. calidolactis in-house test. A high proportion of layer farms (72% in April, 61% in June and 66% in August) and layer houses (63% April, 59% in June and 61% in August) were found to have antimicrobial residues, with no significant difference in prevalence (p = 0.57) between study periods. The study showed that the consumer was at constant risk of exposure to antimicrobial residues in table eggs. The paper discusses reasons for the high prevalence of antimicrobial residues in Sudanese eggs and its implications, and makes recommendations to address this important public health problem.

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Author affiliations

Mohamed M. Sirdar, Sayer Poultry Project, Poultry Section, National Cooperative Corporation, Sudan
Jackie Picard, Department of Tropical Diseases, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Shahn Bisschop, Department of Production Animal Studies, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Alexander R. Jambalang, Department of Production Animal Studies, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Bruce Gummow, Department of Production Animal Studies, University of Pretoria, South Africa


antimicrobial; consumer; eggs; prevalence; residues; risk; Sudan; survey


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ISSN: 0030-2465 (print) | ISSN: 2219-0635 (online)

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