Original Research

Prevalence, distribution and pattern of gastric lesions in slaughtered pigs in south-western Nigeria

Oladipo O. Omotosho, Benjamin O. Emikpe, Olalekan T. Lasisi, Theophilus A. Jarikre
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 83, No 1 | a1063 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v83i1.1063 | © 2016 Oladipo O. Omotosho, Benjamin O. Emikpe, Olalekan T. Lasisi, Theophilus A. Jarikre | This work is licensed under CC Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0
Submitted: 17 September 2015 | Published: 26 May 2016

About the author(s)

Oladipo O. Omotosho, Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Benjamin O. Emikpe, Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Olalekan T. Lasisi, Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Theophilus A. Jarikre, Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria


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Abstract

Gastric lesions, especially ulceration, cause significant economic losses in the swine industry worldwide. The study was designed to assess its prevalence, distribution and pattern in pigs in south-western Nigeria. Slaughter house surveys were conducted on three government-established abattoirs in Lagos, Ogun and Oyo states. Stomachs from 480 pigs were assessed for gross lesions, which were graded using a modification of a standard technique. Tissues from different regions of the stomach were routinely stained to assess histopathologic changes. Data were presented as frequency counts and analysed using analysis of variance and chi-square technique. Significance was determined at p ≤ 0.05. Gastric lesions were encountered across the four regions of the stomach with a point prevalence of 57.29%. The prevalence of lesions in the non-glandular region was 32.9%, with severe hyperkeratosis (13.13%) being most frequently observed (p < 0.05). Erosions were significantly higher in the cardia (8.54%) (p < 0.05), followed by fundus (8.33%). Gastric ulcers were significantly higher in the fundus (19.58%) (p < 0.05). Scars of healed ulcers and lacerations were also observed in the fundus (5.42%) (p < 0.05). The gastric lesion distribution across the four regions of the stomach and the occurrence of ulceration in the fundus showed an unusual pattern, which is rarely reported in other parts of the world. The reason for these findings in pigs in Nigeria is not fully understood; therefore, further studies are required to identify and manage these factors for increased productivity, improved animal welfare and enhanced food security.

Keywords: prevalence; gastric; lesions; fundic ulcers; pigs


Keywords

prevalence; gastric; lesions; fundic ulcers; pigs

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