Original Research

Identification of Echinococcus granulosus strains using polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism amongst livestock in Moroto district, Uganda

Martin Chamai, Leonard Omadang, Joseph Erume, Michael Ocaido, Peter Oba, Emmanuel Othieno, Straton Bonaventure, Annah Kitibwa
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 83, No 1 | a1068 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v83i1.1068 | © 2016 Martin Chamai, Leonard Omadang, Joseph Erume, Michael Ocaido, Peter Oba, Emmanuel Othieno, Straton Bonaventure, Annah Kitibwa | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 01 October 2015 | Published: 29 July 2016

About the author(s)

Martin Chamai, Department of Biomolecular Resources and Biolaboratory Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity, Makerere University, Uganda
Leonard Omadang, Department of Biomolecular Resources and Biolaboratory Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity, Makerere University, Uganda
Joseph Erume, Department of Biomolecular Resources and Biolaboratory Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity, Makerere University, Uganda
Michael Ocaido, Department of Biomolecular Resources and Biolaboratory Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity, Makerere University, Uganda
Peter Oba, Department of Biomolecular Resources and Biolaboratory Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity, Makerere University, Uganda
Emmanuel Othieno, Department of Pathology, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Uganda
Straton Bonaventure, Department of Biomolecular Resources and Biolaboratory Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity, Makerere University, Uganda
Annah Kitibwa, Department of Biomolecular Resources and Biolaboratory Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity, Makerere University, Uganda

Abstract

A descriptive study was conducted to identify the different strains of Echinococcus granulosus occurring in livestock in Moroto district, Uganda. Echinococcus cysts from 104 domestic animals, including cattle, sheep, goats and camels, were taken and examined by microscopy, polymerase chain reaction with restriction fragment length polymorphism and Sanger DNA sequencing. Echinococcus granulosus genotypes or strains were identified through use of Bioinformatics tools: BioEdit, BLAST and MEGA6. The major finding of this study was the existence of a limited number of E. granulosus genotypes from cattle, goats, sheep and camels. The most predominant genotype was G1 (96.05%), corresponding to the common sheep strain. To a limited extent (3.95%), the study revealed the existence of Echinococcus canadensis G6/7 in three (n = 3) of the E. granulosus–positive samples. No other strains of E. granulosus were identified. It was concluded that the common sheep strain of Echinococcus sensu stricto and G6/7 of E. canadensis were responsible for echinococcal disease in Moroto district, Uganda.


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