Research Communication

Identification and phylogenetic analysis of contagious ecthyma virus from camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Iran

Ahmad Oryan, Mahboobe Mosadeghhesari, Saeed Zibaee, Ali Mohammadi
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 84, No 1 | a1257 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v84i1.1257 | © 2017 Ahmad Oryan, Mahboobe Mosadeghhesari, Saeed Zibaee, Ali Mohammadi | This work is licensed under CC Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0
Submitted: 13 May 2016 | Published: 24 March 2017

About the author(s)

Ahmad Oryan, Department of Pathobiology, Shiraz University, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Mahboobe Mosadeghhesari, Department of Pathobiology, Shiraz University, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Saeed Zibaee, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Mashhad, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Ali Mohammadi, Department of Pathobiology, Shiraz University, Iran, Islamic Republic of


Share this article

Bookmark and Share

Abstract

Contagious ecthyma is a highly contagious disease affecting domestic and wild ruminants such as sheep, goats and camels. The identification and characterisation of a parapoxvirus (PPV) infecting camels is described here. The virus was detected in dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius) from Kerman and Shiraz in Iran. PPV-specific amplification by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) further confirmed that the disease was associated with PPV infection. Phylogenetic analysis of ORF011 (B2L) gene sequences showed 99.79% and 82.13% similarity of the PPV identified in this study with the Jodhpur isolate and the bovine papular stomatitis virus (BPSV) isolates (CE41), respectively. Moreover, phylogenetic analysis of the ORF045 gene indicated that the Shiraz sample was in all probability closely related to VR634 and to F00.120R and PCPV776. In conclusion, the results suggest that camel PPV (CPPV) is a likely cause of contagious ecthyma in dromedary camels in Iran.

Keywords

Camel Parapoxvirus; Orf virus; ORF011 gene; ORF045 gene; Phylogenetic analysis; Real-time PCR

Metrics

Total abstract views: 876
Total article views: 1261


Crossref Citations

No related citations found.