Original Research

Faecal helminth egg and oocyst counts of a small population of African lions (Panthera leo) in the southwestern Kalahari, Namibia : research communication

Y. Smith, O.B. Kok
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 73, No 1 | a171 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v73i1.171 | © 2006 Y. Smith, O.B. Kok | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 13 September 2006 | Published: 13 September 2006

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Y. Smith,
O.B. Kok,

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Abstract

An endoparasite survey of a small pride of African lions (Panthera leo) was conducted at Intu Afrika Kalahari Game Reserve, southwestern Namibia, during winter and summer of 2003 and 2004, respectively. Overall, 23 fresh lion scats were collected opportunistically during fieldwork trials. A flotation technique was employed for the diagnosis of parasites. Three nematodes, Ancylostoma braziliense, Gnathostoma spinigerum and Uncinaria stenocephala and two coccidians, Toxoplasma gondii and Isospora felis were recorded. By using the McMaster method for quantification, a maximum number of 14 866 oocysts per gram of faeces was obtained for I. felis during winter 2003. Endoparasite taxa carried by the different individuals in the pride were found to be related to their levels of association. Rates of infection were relatively low as a result of the habitat, semi-captive conditions and earlier sporadic deworming.

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