Research Communication

Survey of the knowledge, attitude and perceptions on bovine tuberculosis in Mnisi community, Mpumalanga, South Africa

Rudo Marange, Darshana Morar-Leather, Folorunso O. Fasina
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 87, No 1 | a1808 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v87i1.1808 | © 2020 Rudo Marange, Darshana Morar-Leather, Folorunso O. Fasina | This work is licensed under CC Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0
Submitted: 27 August 2019 | Published: 30 July 2020

About the author(s)

Rudo Marange, Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, Pretoria, South Africa
Darshana Morar-Leather, Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, Pretoria, South Africa
Folorunso O. Fasina, Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, Pretoria, South Africa; and, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, United Republic of


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Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is a global health concern of zoonotic importance, and Mycobacterium bovis and Mycobacterium tuberculosis are the most common causes of TB in animals and humans, respectively. Integral to TB control strategies are the communities affected by this epidemic. Tuberculosis awareness by the community is an effective TB control strategy as education empowers people to make informed choices with regard to mitigating TB risk factors in their daily lives. We conducted a knowledge, attitude and perceptions survey in Mnisi pastoral community in South Africa using a semi-structured questionnaire to evaluate the level of bovine TB (bTB) awareness, and provided informed feedback to the community on the outcome of the study. Although participants were aware of TB, the knowledge of the zoonotic potential of bTB and about susceptible hosts was limited. The study findings showed knowledge gaps regarding common risk factors, including coughing while herding cattle, unsupervised/uninspected communal slaughter and improper disposal of infected meat. In contrast, it was noted that the majority of participants discarded meat with visible lesions and consumed pasteurised milk; thus, the risk of TB transmission via the ingestion route is low. Tuberculosis knowledge gaps were evident in the community, and public health and veterinary authorities need to improve relationships with stakeholders and implement awareness programmes that use a one health approach.

Keywords

bovine tuberculosis; awareness; Mpumalanga; surveillance; zoonosis

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