Original Research

Acaricide efficiency of amitraz / cypermethrin and abamectin pour-on preparations in game

J.S. Van der Merwe, F.J. Smit, A.M. Durand, L.P. Kruger, L.M. Michael
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 72, No 4 | a187 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v72i4.187 | © 2005 J.S. Van der Merwe, F.J. Smit, A.M. Durand, L.P. Kruger, L.M. Michael | This work is licensed under CC Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0
Submitted: 14 September 2005 | Published: 14 September 2005

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J.S. Van der Merwe,
F.J. Smit,
A.M. Durand,
L.P. Kruger,
L.M. Michael,

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Abstract

The efficacy of an amitraz / cypermethrin pour-on preparation (1 % w/v each) was tested against natural tick infestations of buffaloes, eland and blesbok in three separate trials. The eland were also treated with a 0.02 % abamectin (w/v) acaricidal pour-on preparation. The amitraz / cypermethrin pour-on was effective against Amblyomma hebraeum, Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus and Hyalomma marginatum rufipes on the buffaloes. Both acaricides were effective against R. appendiculatus and Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) decoloratus in the eland. The amitraz / cypermethrin acaricide was effective against R. (Boophilus) decoloratus in the blesbok.
Ticks can cause damage to the skins, secondary infections, abscesses, anaemia, loss of condition, tick toxicosis and act as vectors of infectious diseases. Introduction of hosts and / or ticks from endemic to non-endemic areas because of translocation of game, may lead to severe losses. The pouron acaricides tested were effective against natural tick infestations and should always be used according to the manufacturer's instructions and efficacy claims.

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