Original Research

Importation of canid rabies in a horse relocated from Zimbabwe to South Africa : research communication

C.T. Sabeta, J.L. Randles
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 72, No 1 | a226 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v72i1.226 | © 2005 C.T. Sabeta, J.L. Randles | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 17 September 2005 | Published: 17 September 2005

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C.T. Sabeta,
J.L. Randles,

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In July 2003 a 2-year-old Thoroughbred colt was imported from Harare, Zimbabwe to the Ashburton Training Centre, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa. Five months after importation, the colt presented with clinical signs suggestive of rabies: it was uncoordinated, showed muscle tremors and was biting at itself. Brain tissue was submitted for analysis and the clinical diagnosis was confirmed by the fluorescent antibody test and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Phylogenetic analysis of the nucleotide sequence of the cytoplasmic domain of the glycoprotein and the G-L intergenic region of the rabies virus confirmed it to be an infection with a canid rabies virus, originating from an area in Zimbabwe endemic for the domestic dog (Canis familiaris) and side-striped jackal (Canis adustus) rabies.


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