Original Research

High infection rates of the tick Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum with Trypanosoma theileri

A.A. Latif, M.A. Bakheit, Amna E. E. Mohamed, E. Zweygarth
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 71, No 4 | a228 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v71i4.228 | © 2004 A.A. Latif, M.A. Bakheit, Amna E. E. Mohamed, E. Zweygarth | This work is licensed under CC Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0
Submitted: 17 September 2004 | Published: 08 November 2004

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A.A. Latif,
M.A. Bakheit,
Amna E. E. Mohamed,
E. Zweygarth,

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Abstract

A crossbred calf (3 months old) obtained from a farm where regular control of ticks was practised and found to be free of blood parasites was inoculated with 20 ml pooled blood collected from four field cattle which had very low Trypanosoma theileri parasitaemias (one parasite per 70 µl blood as determined by the haematocrit centrifugation technique). Trypanosoma theileri was present in the blood 6 days after injection and a peak parasitaemia of 42 parasites per 70 µl blood was recorded by day 12. Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum nymphs were applied on the ears of the calf on day 8 and they dropped engorged by days 13 and 14. The resulting adult ticks were examined for the presence of T. theileri by severing a leg and making a smear of the clear haemolymph which exuded from the wound. The smear was fixed in methanol and stained with Giemsa stain. The infection rate with T. theileri in the ticks was 43.3 % (26 out of 60). The intensity of infection was very high and various developmental stages of the flagellates were observed (epimastigotes, sphaeromastigotes, trypomastigotes and other intermediate stages). The haemolymph from 12 ticks was also collected in tissue culture medium and the trypanosomes survived for 25 weeks before eventually dying. The results demonstrated unequivocally the high vectorial capacity of the tick H. a. anatolicum for T. theileri.

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