Research Communication

Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting cattle and African buffaloes in the Tsavo conservation area, Kenya

Edward K. Kariuki, Barend L. Penzhorn, Ivan G. Horak
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 79, No 1 | a437 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v79i1.437 | © 2012 Edward K. Kariuki, Barend L. Penzhorn, Ivan G. Horak | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 April 2012 | Published: 21 November 2012

About the author(s)

Edward K. Kariuki, Department of Veterinary and Capture Services, Kenya Wildlife Service, Kenya; Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Barend L. Penzhorn, Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Ivan G. Horak, Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Abstract

Several ixodid tick species are shared between domestic cattle and African buffaloes (Syncerus caffer). So too, are a number of tick-borne diseases. The aim of the study was to compare the species composition of ticks that infest cattle and buffaloes utilising the same habitat within the Tsavo Conservation Area, Kenya. To this end, 25 cattle and 62 buffaloes were each opportunistically sampled for ticks on a single occasion in February 2010. Eight species, namely Amblyomma gemma, Amblyomma lepidum, Hyalomma albiparmatum, Hyalomma rufipes, Hyalomma truncatum, Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi, Rhipicephalus pravus and Rhipicephalus pulchellus infested both cattle and buffaloes. Three species, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) sp., Rhipicephalus kochi, and Rhipicephalus muehlensi were collected only from cattle, and three species, Hyalomma impeltatum, Rhipicephalus humeralis and Rhipicephalus praetextatus were present only on buffaloes. The attachment sites of the various tick species were also recorded. New locality records for H. impeltatum and H. truncatum and the first confirmed locality record for Rhipicephalus praetextatus sensu stricto in Kenya were documented.

Keywords

Cattle; African buffaloes; ixodid ticks; Tsavo conservation area; Kenya

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