Original Research

Withdrawal periods and tissue tolerance after intramammary antibiotic treatment of dairy goats with clinical mastitis

J. Karzis, E.F. Donkin, I.M. Petzer
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 74, No 4 | a114 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v74i4.114 | © 2007 J. Karzis, E.F. Donkin, I.M. Petzer | This work is licensed under CC Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0
Submitted: 13 September 2007 | Published: 13 September 2007

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J. Karzis,
E.F. Donkin,
I.M. Petzer,

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine withdrawal periods (WP) and tissue irritation after administration of three intramammary antibiotics [Curaclox LC (Norbrook (ARK AH)], Spectrazol Milking Cow (Schering-Plough AH) and Rilexine 200 LC [Logos Agvet (Virbac)] in goats with clinical mastitis.
Withdrawal periods in goats with clinical mastitis treated with Curaclox LC, were not significantly different from those recommended for use in cows (72 h) with (67 h) or without (48 h) the 24 h mandatory safety margin while Spectrazol caused a significantly longer withdrawal period (122 h) than that recommended for use in cattle with (60 h) and without (36 h) the 24h safety margin. The withdrawal period of clinical mastitis cases treated with Rilexine 200 LC was 48 h compared to the 96 h recommended for use in cows.
A linear model of regression with factors influencing the WP in goats with clinical mastitis was as follows : WP = 30.21 + 4.692 (sampling time) + 22.11 (udder pathology) - 13.6 (floccules) - 0.00649 (milk yield).
Somatic Cell Counts (SCC) of milk from udder halves with clinical mastitis ranged from 7 053 x 103 to 7 948 x 103 cells per m without isolations of bacteria and between 6 476 x 103 and 8 479 x 103 cells per m with isolations of bacteria. Most of the variation in SCC could not be explained and the California Milk Cell Test (CMCT) and SCC on their own were not reliable methods for mastitis diagnosis. However, CMCT and SCC were indicators of udder irritation. In goats without clinical mastitis, Spectrazol Milking Cow caused the least tissue irritation followed by Rilexine 200 LC and Curaclox LC. For goats with clinical mastitis, Rilexine 200 LC caused the least irritation, followed by Curaclox LC while Spectrazol Milking Cow caused the most irritation.

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