Original Research

Culicoides biting midges at the National Zoological Gardens of South Africa : research communication

K. Labuschagne, L.J. Gerber, I. Espie, S. Carpenter
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 74, No 4 | a120 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v74i4.120 | © 2007 K. Labuschagne, L.J. Gerber, I. Espie, S. Carpenter | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 13 September 2007 | Published: 13 September 2007

About the author(s)

K. Labuschagne,
L.J. Gerber,
I. Espie,
S. Carpenter,

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Abstract

Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are responsible for the transmission of a large number of pathogens to livestock and wild animals. In this study the presence of the genus, using light traps based at four different sites within the National Zoological Gardens of South Africa, was investigated during 2002-2004. In total, 37 species were recorded, including large numbers of Culicoides imicola Kieffer, 1913, which is responsible for the transmission of economically important arboviruses in South Africa, Europe, Middle and Far East. These results are discussed with reference to the wider Culicoides fauna in the Onderstepoort area of South Africa, their vector competence as well as biosecurity at the National Zoological Gardens.

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Crossref Citations

1. Culicoides biting midges, arboviruses and public health in Europe
Simon Carpenter, Martin H. Groschup, Claire Garros, Maria Luiza Felippe-Bauer, Bethan V. Purse
Antiviral Research  vol: 100  issue: 1  first page: 102  year: 2013  
doi: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2013.07.020