Original Research

Characterization of pigeon paramyxoviruses (Newcastle disease virus) isolated in South Africa from 2001 to 2006

C. Abolnik, G. H. Gerders, J. Kitching, S. Swanepoel, M. Romito, S. P.R. Bisschop
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 75, No 2 | a13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v75i2.13 | © 2008 C. Abolnik, G. H. Gerders, J. Kitching, S. Swanepoel, M. Romito, S. P.R. Bisschop | This work is licensed under CC Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0
Submitted: 31 August 2008 | Published: 31 August 2008

About the author(s)

C. Abolnik, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Private Bag X5, Onderstepoort, 0110, South Africa, South Africa
G. H. Gerders, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Private Bag X5, Onderstepoort, 0110, South Africa
J. Kitching, Stellenbosch Provincial Veterinary Laboratory, Private Bag X1, Elsenburg, 7607, SouthA frica
S. Swanepoel, Deltammune Laboratories P.O. Box 14167, Lyttleton, Centurion, 0140, South Africa
M. Romito, ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Private Bag X5, Onderstepoort, 0110, South Africa
S. P.R. Bisschop, Poultry Reference Laboratory, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort, 0110 South Africa

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Abstract

Pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 (PPMV-1), a variant of Newcastle disease virus that primarily affects doves and pigeons has been isolated in South Africa since the mid-1980s. Phylogenetic evidence indicates that pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 viruses were introduced in to South Africa on multiple occasions, based on the presence of two separate lineages, 4bi and 4bii, that have been circulating in Europe and the Far East since the early 1990s. During 2006, a PPMV-1 virus was isolated from an African ground hornbil(l Bucorvus leadbeateri) which becamea cutely infected with PPMV-1 and died, probably after scavenging off infected dove carcasses in the region, since a closely-related PPMV-1 strain was also isolated from doves collected nearby. The hornbill isolate had lCPl and MDT values characteristic of PPMV-1s trains. The threat of PPMV-1 to poultry production and biodiversity in southern Africa highlights the importance of monitoring the spread of this strain.

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