Original Research

Red blood cell volume as a predictor of fatal reactions in cattle infected with Theileria parva Katete

P. Fandamu, T. Marcotty, J.R.A. Brandt, L. Duchateau, N. Speybroeck, T.T. Dolan, D. Berkvens
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 74, No 1 | a138 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v74i1.138 | © 2007 P. Fandamu, T. Marcotty, J.R.A. Brandt, L. Duchateau, N. Speybroeck, T.T. Dolan, D. Berkvens | This work is licensed under CC Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0
Submitted: 13 September 2007 | Published: 13 September 2007

About the author(s)

P. Fandamu,
T. Marcotty,
J.R.A. Brandt,
L. Duchateau,
N. Speybroeck,
T.T. Dolan,
D. Berkvens,

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Abstract

A comparison of mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and packed cell volume (PCV) was made between cattle undergoing lethal and non-lethal reactions following experimental infections with the apicomplexan protozoa, Theileria parva Katete. This work confirmed that anaemia occurs in infected animals. However, the fall in PCV was steeper in lethal reactions compared to non-lethal reactions. Our results show that animals with initially lower MCV values are more prone to fatal reaction, despite having normal PCV profiles. The study also found that small red blood cells are more likely to be infected with T. parva. These findings suggest that animals with a higher proportion of small red blood cells in circulation will be more likely to succumb to T. parva infections. The potential for using MCV as a predictor of the outcome of infection challenge is discussed.

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