Original Research

Phylogenetic analysis of a partial L1 gene from bovine papillomavirus type 1 isolated from naturally occurring papilloma cases in the northwestern region of Turkey

M. Ozkan Timurkan, M. Eray Alcigir
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 84, No 1 | a1450 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v84i1.1450 | © 2017 M. Ozkan Timurkan, M. Eray Alcigir | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 March 2017 | Published: 28 June 2017

About the author(s)

M. Ozkan Timurkan, Department of Virology, Atatürk University, Turkey
M. Eray Alcigir, Department of Pathology, Ankara University, Turkey


This study was aimed at the molecular characterisation of bovine papillomavirus type 1 (BPV-1) isolated from papilloma cases in the northwestern region of Turkey. BPV-1 is a widely occurring oncogenic virus in cattle and is associated with benign epithelial neoplasia which causes significant economic losses in dairy and beef cattle because of treatment costs. In this study, 29 suspected papilloma specimens were collected from cattle in northwestern Turkey. These samples underwent molecular characterisation via the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing analysis as well as macroscopic and histopathological examination. The histopathological examinations confirmed papilloma as the main lesion type in the specimens. Of the 29 papilloma-like tissue samples that were collected, 11 (i.e. 37.93%) were detected as positive and determined as containing BPV-1 (11 of 11, 100%). Using a partial sequence for the L1 gene acquired from GenBank, phylogenetic analysis confirmed the presence of BPV-1 and revealed that the infection might have originated in cross bred domestic and imported cattle. This study provides potentially useful information on the origin and spread of this disease. Its results can potentially aid in the development of appropriate control measures and therapeutic or vaccination strategies against the BPV-1 strain of bovine papillomatosis.


phylogenetic analysis; bpv-1; papilloma; turkey


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Crossref Citations

1. Bovine papilloma: aetiology, pathology, immunology, disease status, diagnosis, control, prevention and treatment: a review
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