Original Research

Brucellosis and chlamydiosis seroprevalence in goats at livestock–wildlife interface areas of Zimbabwe

Solomon Bhandi, Davies M. Pfukenyi, Gift Matope, Absolom Murondoti, Musavengana Tivapasi, Masimba Ndengu, Massimo Scacchia, Barbara Bonfini, Michel de Garine-Wichatitsky
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 86, No 1 | a1670 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v86i1.1670 | © 2019 Solomon Bhandi, Davies M. Pfukenyi, Gift Matope, Absolom Murondoti, Musavengana Tivapasi, Masimba Ndengu, Massimo Scacchia, Barbara Bonfini, Michel de Garine-Wichatitsky | This work is licensed under CC Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0
Submitted: 20 July 2018 | Published: 22 August 2019

About the author(s)

Solomon Bhandi, Department of Clinical Veterinary Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe; and, Research Platform Production and Conservation in Partnership, Harare, Zimbabwe
Davies M. Pfukenyi, Department of Clinical Veterinary Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe; and, Research Platform Production and Conservation in Partnership, Harare, Zimbabwe
Gift Matope, Research Platform Production and Conservation in Partnership, Harare, Zimbabwe; and, Department of Paraclinical Veterinary Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe
Absolom Murondoti, Department of Clinical Veterinary Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe
Musavengana Tivapasi, Department of Clinical Veterinary Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe; and, Research Platform Production and Conservation in Partnership, Harare, Zimbabwe
Masimba Ndengu, Department of Clinical Veterinary Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe; and, Research Platform Production and Conservation in Partnership, Harare, Zimbabwe
Massimo Scacchia, The Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute of Abruzzo and Molise, Teramo, Italy
Barbara Bonfini, The Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute of Abruzzo and Molise, Teramo, Italy
Michel de Garine-Wichatitsky, Research Platform Production and Conservation in Partnership, Harare, Zimbabwe; and, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand


Share this article

Bookmark and Share

Abstract

In Zimbabwe, there have been no chlamydiosis and limited brucellosis studies in goats. This study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence and risk factors of the two diseases in goats at three different livestock–wildlife interface areas: porous, non-porous and non-interface in the south-eastern lowveld of Zimbabwe. Collected sera (n = 563) were tested for Brucella antibodies using the Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT) and the complement fixation test (CFT); and for Chlamydia abortus antibodies using the CFT. All tested goats were negative for Brucella antibodies. Overall, chlamydial seroprevalence was 22%. The porous [c2 = 9.6, odds ratio (OR) = 2.6, p = 0.002] and non-porous (c2 = 37.5, OR = 5.8, p < 0.00001) interfaces were approximately three and six times more likely to be chlamydial seropositive than the non-interface area, respectively. Chlamydial seroprevalence was not associated with sex (c2 = 0.5, OR = 1.2, p = 0.5), abortion history in female goats (c2 = 0.7, OR = 1.3, p = 0.4), keeping goats with cattle (c2 = 0.2, OR = 1.5, p = 0.7) or flock size (c2 = 0.03, OR = 1.4, p = 0.9). Our study provides the first serological evidence of chlamydiosis in goats in Zimbabwe and the results suggest that proximity to wildlife is associated with increased chlamydial seropositivity. Further studies are required to determine the role of chlamydial infection on goat reproductive failure and that of wildlife on C. abortus transmission to domestic ruminants.

Keywords

brucellosis; chlamydiosis; goats; interface; seroprevalence; Zimbabwe

Metrics

Total abstract views: 174
Total article views: 135


Crossref Citations

No related citations found.