Original Research

Elephant shrews as hosts of immature ixodid ticks

L.J. Fourie, I.G. Horak, P.F. Woodall
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 72, No 4 | a185 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v72i4.185 | © 2005 L.J. Fourie, I.G. Horak, P.F. Woodall | This work is licensed under CC Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0
Submitted: 14 September 2005 | Published: 14 September 2005

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L.J. Fourie,
I.G. Horak,
P.F. Woodall,

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Abstract

Two hundred and seventy-three elephant shrews, consisting of 193 Elephantulus myurus, 67 Elephantulus edwardii and 13 animals belonging to other species, were examined for ixodid ticks at 18 localities in South Africa and Namibia. The immature stages of Ixodes rubicundus, Rhipicentor nuttalli, Rhipicephalus warburtoni and a Rhipicephalus pravus-like tick were the most numerous of the 18 tick species recovered. Substantial numbers of immature Rhipicephalus arnoldi, Rhipicephalus distinctus and Rhipicephalus exophthalmos were also collected from elephant shrews at particular localities.
Larvae of I. rubicundus were most numerous on E. myurus in Free State Province from April to July and nymphs from June to October. Larvae of R. nuttalli were most numerous on these animals during April, May, August and September, and nymphs in February and from April to August. The immature stages of R. warburton were collected from E. myurus only in Free State Province, and larvae were generally most numerous from December to August and nymphs from April to October.

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