Original Research

Prevalence of peste des petits ruminants virus antibodies in sheep and goats sera from Central-Western Sudan

Safa E.M. Ali, Yassin A.M. Ahmed, Alwia A. Osman, Omiema A. Gamal Eldin, Nussieba A. Osman
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 90, No 1 | a2074 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v90i1.2074 | © 2023 Safa E.M. Ali, Yassin A.M. Ahmed, Alwia A. Osman, Omiema A. Gamal Eldin, Nussieba A. Osman | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 23 August 2022 | Published: 28 February 2023

About the author(s)

Safa E.M. Ali, Department of Pathology, Parasitology and Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum-North, Sudan; and, Equine-Specialty Center, Global Veterinary Services and Agriculture, Doha City, Qatar
Yassin A.M. Ahmed, Department of Pathology, Parasitology and Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum-North, Sudan; and, Nokhbat Alnawadir Veterinary Pharmacy, Al Duwadimi, Saudi Arabia
Alwia A. Osman, General Directorate of Animal Health & Epizootics Diseases Control, Ministry of Animal Resources, Khartoum, Sudan
Omiema A. Gamal Eldin, General Directorate of Animal Health & Epizootics Diseases Control, Ministry of Animal Resources, Khartoum, Sudan
Nussieba A. Osman, Department of Pathology, Parasitology and Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum-North, Sudan

Abstract

Clinical signs suggestive of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) involved herds of small ruminants, which were described elsewhere in Sudan. Peste des petits ruminants was confirmed using an Immunocapture ELISA (IC-ELISA) assay in samples of infected and dead animals in areas of outbreaks. Therefore, to update information regarding the current situation and for assessment of the serological prevalence of PPR in small ruminants mingled at Central and Western Sudan during 2018–2019, 368 sera were collected from sheep (325 sera) and goats (43 sera) with different ages and breeds. These sera included 186 sera (173 sheep and 13 goats) from White Nile State and 182 sera (152 sheep and 30 goats) from Kordofan States. Competitive ELISA demonstrated higher prevalence of PPRV antibodies of 88.9%, 90.7% and 88.6% in both sheep and goats, goats, and sheep sera, respectively. Moreover, 100%, 94.7% and 78.5% seroprevalence values were demonstrated in South Kordofan, North Kordofan and White Nile States. The higher seroprevalence values detected in sera of unvaccinated sheep and goats indicated the wide exposure of these animals to PPRV and presence of protection following PPR viral infection. The findings of the study indicated that PPR is endemic in the surveyed areas of Sudan.

Contribution: The study will contribute effectively to the global eradication programme of PPR organised by the World Organization for Animal Health (WOAH, formerly OIE) and Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). To completely eliminate PPR from Sudan by 2030, local efforts should be directed towards effectively and wholly vaccinating small ruminants using PPRV vaccine especially in routes of seasonal animal’s movement and shared grazing areas.


Keywords

peste des petits ruminants; PPR; PPRV; Sudan; sheep; goats; antibodies; seroprevalence

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