Original Research

A canine model of normovolaemic acute anaemia

T.C. Spotswood, R.M. Kirberger, L.M.P.K. Kirb, F. Reyers, L. Van der Merwe
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 72, No 2 | a209 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v72i2.209 | © 2005 T.C. Spotswood, R.M. Kirberger, L.M.P.K. Kirb, F. Reyers, L. Van der Merwe | This work is licensed under CC Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0
Submitted: 15 September 2005 | Published: 17 September 2005

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T.C. Spotswood,
R.M. Kirberger,
L.M.P.K. Kirb,
F. Reyers,
L. Van der Merwe,

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Abstract

The objective was to develop a non-terminal, acute normovolaemic anaemia model in dogs that has minimal effects on patient well-being. Eleven normal Beagle dogs were used. About 20 % of the circulating blood volume was removed from the jugular vein 1-3 times per day over a 3-4 day period until a haematocrit (Ht) of 13-17 % was obtained. Normovolaemia was maintained by replacing the volume deficit of the red blood cells with Ringer's lactate and re-infusing the plasma. Full blood count and Ht were monitored twice daily. The 13-17 % Ht was reached within 3-4 days with the number of phlebotomies ranging from four to seven. The model was primarily developed to determine echocardiographic values as well as Doppler abdominal splanchnic blood flow parameters in anaemic dogs as part of a study that will compare these results to similar studies in babesiosis-induced anaemia. The model may also be useful in the evaluation of the pathophysiology of anaemia in dogs or as a model for anaemia in humans.

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Crossref Citations

1. INFLUENCE OF NORMOVOLEMIC ANEMIA ON DOPPLER-DERIVED BLOOD VELOCITY RATIOS OF ABDOMINAL SPLANCHNIC VESSELS IN CLINICALLY NORMAL DOGS
Lee M. Koma, Robert M. Kirberger, Leonie Scholtz, Paul Bland-van den Berg
Veterinary Radiology Ultrasound  vol: 46  issue: 5  first page: 427  year: 2005  
doi: 10.1111/j.1740-8261.2005.00078.x