Original Research

A lectin histochemical study of the thoracic respiratory air sacs of the fowl

A.J. Bezuidenhout
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 72, No 2 | a215 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v72i2.215 | © 2005 A.J. Bezuidenhout | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 17 September 2005 | Published: 17 September 2005

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A.J. Bezuidenhout,

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Abstract

The lectin-binding characteristics of the epithelial lining of the thoracic air sacs of the chicken were determined. Con A, LCA and PSA bound to the apical membrane as well as to the cytoplasm distal to the nucleus of the surface epithelium, indicated the presence of a-linked mannose as well as Nacetylchitobiose- linked a-fucose residues in the glycoproteins. GSL I bound to the apical membrane and cytoplasm distal to the nucleus, but not to the cilia of the epithelium, where-as MPL, DBA and RCA120 bound to the apical membrane, cilia and cytoplasm, indicated the presence of a-linked Nacetylgalactosamine residues. However, neither SJA or SBA showed any binding, indicating the absence of b anomers of galactosyl (b1.3)N-acetylgalactosamine and b-linked N-acetylgalactosamine residues. UEA I bound to the apical membrane and cilia, as well as to the cytoplasm of a few cells, indicated the presence of a-linked fucose residues. PNA bound to the apical membrane of some, but not all, surface epithelium cells, indicated the presence of galactosyl (b1.3)N-acetylgalactosamine residues. WGA bound to the apical membrane and cilia, as well as to the cytoplasm of a few cells, indicated the presence of neuraminic acid residues.

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