Research Communication

Determination of the seroprevalence of Newcastle disease virus (avian paramyxovirus type 1) in Zambian backyard chicken flocks

Chimuka Musako, Celia Abolnik
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 79, No 1 | a502 | DOI: | © 2012 Chimuka Musako, Celia Abolnik | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 15 July 2012 | Published: 07 December 2012

About the author(s)

Chimuka Musako, Department of Veterinary and Tsetse Control Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, Zambia; Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Celia Abolnik, Department of Production Animal Studies, University of Pretoria, South Africa

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A cross-sectional study was conducted in five provinces and 11 districts of Zambia to determine the seroprevalence of Newcastle disease in Zambian backyard chicken flocks. Of the chickens sampled, 73.9% tested positive for avian paramyxovirus type 1 antibodies by means of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Seroprevalence varied amongst the five provinces sampled, ranging from 82.6% in the Eastern Province to 48.3% in Luapula Province. Seroprevalence also varied amongst the 11 districts sampled, ranging from 91.3% in Monze district of Southern Province to 22.8% in Mufulira district of the Copperbelt province. Overall, the seroprevalence of Newcastle disease in Zambian backyard chicken flocks has increased since the previous study conducted in 1994.


Avian paramyxovirus type 1; backyard village chicken; food security; Newcastle disease; seroprevalence


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Crossref Citations

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