Original Research

Improved management of drugs, hormones and pesticides in Africa : policy and trade issues

E.S. Mitema
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 76, No 1 | a80 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v76i1.80 | © 2009 E.S. Mitema | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 September 2009 | Published: 10 September 2009

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E.S. Mitema,

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Drugs, hormones and pesticides are chemical compounds used for alleviation of various diseases in animals. There are many classes of drugs which have been used and in the case of natural steroid hormones these have been used to increase mass gain by stimulating protein anabolism. Pesticides have been used for many years in the control of ectoparasites which transmit important human and livestock diseases. The purpose of the present article is to review procedures for management of veterinary products to facilitate national and international trade.


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