Original Research

Parasites of pigs in two farms with poor husbandry practices in Bishoftu, Ethiopia

Alemnesh Jufare, Nesibu Awol, Fanos Tadesse, Yisehak Tsegaye, Birhanu Hadush
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 82, No 1 | a839 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v82i1.839 | © 2015 Alemnesh Jufare, Nesibu Awol, Fanos Tadesse, Yisehak Tsegaye, Birhanu Hadush | This work is licensed under CC Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0
Submitted: 26 June 2014 | Published: 30 April 2015

About the author(s)

Alemnesh Jufare, Alage Agricultural Technical Vocational Education Training College, Ethiopia
Nesibu Awol, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle University, Ethiopia
Fanos Tadesse, College of Agricultural and Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
Yisehak Tsegaye, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle University, Ethiopia
Birhanu Hadush, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle University, Ethiopia


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Abstract

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2011 to April 2012 on a total of 384 pigs from two privately owned intensive farms in Bishoftu, Ethiopia. The objectives of the study were to identify and determine the prevalence of common parasites of pigs. For the determination of gastrointestinal (GIT) parasites, faecal samples were collected from the study animals and subjected to standard parasitological examination techniques. Physical examination was conducted for the presence of skin parasitic lesions and skin scrapings were collected to determine prevalence of ectoparasites. The overall prevalence of GIT parasites in the pigs was 25% (96/384). Examination of faecal samples revealed the ova or oocysts of four different gastrointestinal parasites, namely Coccidia (12%), Strongyles (5.2%), Ascaris suum (4.9%) and Trichuris suis (2.9%). Mixed infection by at least two parasite species was observed in 3.65% (14/384) of the pigs. The only ectoparasite species identified was Sarcoptes scabiei var. suis, with a prevalence of 2.6%. This study indicates that pig parasites are a major problem in the study area, hence implementation of strategic control measures and appropriate hygienic management systems are recommended to reduce the prevalence of parasites.

Keywords

Parasite; Swine

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