Research Communication

Occurrence of haemoparasites in cattle in Monduli district, northern Tanzania

Isihaka J. Haji, Imna Malele, Boniface Namangala
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 81, No 1 | a843 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v81i1.843 | © 2014 Isihaka J. Haji, Imna Malele, Boniface Namangala | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 06 July 2014 | Published: 13 November 2014

About the author(s)

Isihaka J. Haji, Department of Economic and Productive Sectors, Regional Commissioner’s Office, Tanzania; Department of Paraclinical Studies, University of Zambia, Zambia, Tanzania, United Republic of
Imna Malele, Tsetse and Trypanosomosis Research Institute, Tanga, Tanzania, United Republic of
Boniface Namangala, Department of Paraclinical Studies, University of Zambia, Zambia


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Abstract

Haemoparasite infections are among the most economically important cattle diseases in sub-Saharan Africa. The present study investigated the occurrence of haemoparasites in 295 indigenous cattle from five villages (Mswakini, Lake Manyara, Naitolia, Makuyuni and Nanja) of the Monduli district, a wildlife-domestic animal-human interface area in northern Tanzania. The data showed that the overall occurrence of haemoparasites in the sampled cattle was 12.5% (95% CI: 8.7% – 16.3%), involving single and mixed infections with Theileria parva, Anaplasma marginale, Babesia bovis, Trypanosoma vivax and Trypanosoma brucei. The highest haemoparasite occurrence was recorded in Lake Manyara (18.3%; 95% CI: 8.5% – 28.1%), and the lowest was recorded in Nanja (6.5%; 95% CI: 0.4% – 12.6%). This preliminary study, furthermore, provided evidence of the possible arthropod vectors (ticks and tsetse flies) that may be involved in the transmission of haemoparasites to cattle in the Monduli district. It is envisaged that this survey will stimulate more studies to determine the prevalence of haemoparasites in livestock by using more sensitive molecular techniques.

Keywords

Indigenous cattle, Haemoparasites, Insect vectors, Microscopy, Monduli, Tanzania

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Crossref Citations

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