Original Research

A survey of the causes of cattle organs and/or carcass condemnation, financial losses and magnitude of foetal wastage at an abattoir in Dodoma, Tanzania

Wilfred Tembo, Hezron E. Nonga
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 82, No 1 | a855 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v82i1.855 | © 2015 Wilfred Tembo, Hezron E. Nonga | This work is licensed under CC Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0
Submitted: 22 July 2014 | Published: 16 April 2015

About the author(s)

Wilfred Tembo, Department of Veterinary Medicine and Public Health, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania; Department of Veterinary Services,Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, Zambia
Hezron E. Nonga, Department of Veterinary Medicine and Public Health, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania, United Republic of


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Abstract

Slaughterhouses provide a safeguard that prevents the public from consuming meat of poor quality or meat which may be infected with zoonotic diseases. This work reviews a 3-year database of cattle that were slaughtered and inspected between 2010 and 2012 at Dodoma abattoir, Tanzania. In addition, meat inspection was undertaken for 1 month (December 2013). The aim of this study was to establish causes of organ and carcass condemnations and their financial implications as well as the magnitude of slaughter of pregnant cows at Dodoma abattoir. During retrospective study, it was found that a total of 9015 (10.5%) lungs, 6276 (7.3%) intestines, 5402 (6.3%) livers, 3291 (3.8%) kidneys and 41 (0.05%) carcasses were condemned. Pulmonary emphysema (3.4%), fasciolosis (4.5%), pimply gut (5.7%), kidney congenital cysts (1.9%) and hydatidosis (3.1%) were major causes of organ condemnations. This large number of condemned edible organs and/or carcasses implies that public health considerations result in deprivation of valuable protein. Occurrence of hydatidosis, cysticercosis, fasciolosis and tuberculosis illustrates the possible public health problem and presence of environmental infections. Of the 794 cows slaughtered in December 2013, 46% were pregnant. Financial loss as a result of organ and/or carcass condemnations was estimated at $9892. Condemnation of organs and/or carcasses and indiscriminate slaughter of pregnant cows represent a significant loss of meat and revenue and a reduction in growth of future herds, which has a negative effect on the livestock industry. This justifies appropriate surveillance and disease control programmes coupled with strict enforcement of legislation governing animal welfare to curb the slaughter of pregnant animals.


Keywords

Slaughterhouse, condemnations, financial loss, pregnant cows, Dodoma

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