Research Communication

Peste des petits ruminants outbreaks in White Nile State, Sudan

Osama M. Ishag, Intisar K. Saeed, Yahia H. Ali
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 82, No 1 | a897 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v82i1.897 | © 2015 Osama M. Ishag, Intisar K. Saeed, Yahia H. Ali | This work is licensed under CC Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0
Submitted: 31 October 2014 | Published: 21 August 2015

About the author(s)

Osama M. Ishag, Rabak Veterinary Research Laboratory, White Nile state, Sudan
Intisar K. Saeed, Department of Virology, Veterinary Research Institute, Soba, Sudan
Yahia H. Ali, Department of Virology, Veterinary Research Institute, Soba, Sudan


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Abstract

Eight outbreaks of peste des petits ruminants in sheep and goats were reported in White Nile State, Sudan, between 2008 and 2009. A mortality rate of 4.2% was reported across the different outbreaks. Clinically the disease was characterised by high fever, ocular and nasal discharge, pneumonia, ulceration of the mucous membranes, diarrhoea and death. The postmortem findings included necrotic lesions in the mouth and gastrointestinal tract, and swollen, oedematous lymph nodes associated with the lungs and intestine. Of the 209 serum samples tested by competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, 113 (54%) were found positive. Peste des petits ruminants virus was confirmed in tissues, nasal swabs and blood samples by immunocapture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and isolation of the virus in culture of lamb testicle cells.

Keywords

PPR, Outbreaks, Sheep, Goat, Isolation, White Nile state.

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