Original Research

On cestode and digenean parasites of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) from the Rietvlei Dam, South Africa

M. Barson, A. Avenant-Oldewage
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 73, No 2 | a154 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v73i2.154 | © 2006 M. Barson, A. Avenant-Oldewage | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 13 September 2006 | Published: 13 September 2006

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M. Barson,
A. Avenant-Oldewage,

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Abstract

Sharptooth catfish, Clarias gariepinus, from the Rietvlei Dam near Pretoria, South Africa were examined for internal platyhelminth parasites. Two adult cestodes, Polyonchobothrium clarias (stomach) (prev alence 71 %, mean intensity = 5, n = 7) and Proteocephalus glanduliger (anterior intestine) (prevalence 14 %, mean intensity = 2, n = 7), were found in the gut while metacercariae of one larval digenean, Ornithodiplostomum sp. (prevalence 14 %, mean intensity = 140, n = 7), were found encysted in the muscles. The morphology of these species, based on light and scanning electron microscopy as well as histological analysis, and how they differ from previously described specimens, are discussed. Ornithodiplostomum is a new record in southern Africa. Infection levels of the host fish were mild compared to records from previous surveys.

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