Original Research

Detection of peste des petits ruminants virus in pneumonic lungs from apparently healthy sheep and goats slaughtered at Al-Hasaheisa slaughterhouse, Gezira state, central Sudan

Alaa E.M. Alhussain, Nahid A.S. Abdalla, Sana I. Mohammed, Mihad Hakeem, Ihsan H. Ahmed, Nussieba A. Osman
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 87, No 1 | a1892 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v87i1.1892 | © 2020 Nussieba A. Osman | This work is licensed under CC Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0
Submitted: 08 July 2020 | Published: 17 December 2020

About the author(s)

Alaa E.M. Alhussain, Department of Pathology, Parasitology and Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sudan University of Science and Technology (SUST), Khartoum-North, Sudan
Nahid A.S. Abdalla, Department of Pathology, Parasitology and Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sudan University of Science and Technology (SUST), Khartoum-North, Sudan
Sana I. Mohammed, Virology Department, Central Veterinary Research Laboratory (CVRL), Soba, Khartoum, Sudan
Mihad Hakeem, Epidemiology Department, Central Veterinary Research Laboratory (CVRL), Soba, Khartoum, Sudan
Ihsan H. Ahmed, Viral Vaccine Production Department, Central Veterinary Research Laboratory (CVRL), Soba, Khartoum, Sudan
Nussieba A. Osman, Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sudan University of Science and Technology (SUST), Khartoum-North, Sudan


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Abstract

The study aimed to investigate the presence of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) in pneumonic lung tissues from clinically apparently healthy sheep and goats and further demonstrating its prevalence in Gezira state, central Sudan. During March 2019, 99 pneumonic lung samples were collected from apparently healthy sheep (80) and goats (19) from Al-Hasaheisa slaughterhouse located in Al-Hasaheisa locality, Gezira state. Using the haemagglutination (HA) test for the detection of peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) antigen, an overall antigenic prevalence of 86.9% was demonstrated in sheep and goats lung tissue homogenate. Of note, the prevalence of PPRV is higher in goats (100%) compared to sheep (83.7%). In this study, the reported increasing prevalence of PPR in central Sudan might be because of insufficient vaccination of animals. The findings of the present study indicated the widespread of PPR amongst sheep and goats in Al-Hasaheisa, Gezira state. Detection of PPRV antigen in the pneumonic lung samples is an indication of exposure of these animals to PPRV or presence of PPR viral infection and demonstrates the role of PPR as the cause of pneumonia in small ruminants. In fact, the circulation of the virus in clinically apparently healthy animals poses a threat for other in-contact susceptible animals and could play a significant role in the spread of the disease.

Keywords

peste des petits ruminants; PPRV; Sudan; sheep; goats; pneumonic lungs; haemagglutination test

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