Original Research

Ticks infesting cattle in Central Equatoria region of South Sudan

Wani L. Marcellino, Ibrahim I. Julla, Diaeldin A. Salih, Abdel R.M. El Hussein
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 78, No 1 | a336 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v78i1.336 | © 2011 Wani L. Marcellino, Ibrahim I. Julla, Diaeldin A. Salih, Abdel R.M. El Hussein | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 May 2011 | Published: 15 November 2011

About the author(s)

Wani L. Marcellino,, Sudan
Ibrahim I. Julla, College of Veterinary Science, University of Bahr el Ghazal, Sudan
Diaeldin A. Salih, Central Veterinary Research Laboratories, Al Amarat, Sudan
Abdel R.M. El Hussein, Central Veterinary Research Laboratories, Al Amarat, Sudan

Abstract

Ticks infesting cattle represent a serious problem for improvement of cattle productivity in South Sudan. There has been limited information on ticks and tick-borne diseases in southern Sudan. This study was initiated to update the current distribution of ticks infesting cattle in the Central Equatoria region of South Sudan. The surveys for the present study were conducted at various cattle camps in Juba, Mangalla and Terekeka between December 2004 and June 2005. A total of 2322 ticks were collected from the bodies of 88 randomly selected cattle. Ticks were preserved in 70% ethanol for later identification. Seven ixodid tick species were found to infest cattle in Juba whilst six species were recorded in Mangalla and only four species in Terekeka. Amblyomma variegatum was the most common and widely distributed species found on cattle across all the study locations. Amblyomma lepidum was not found during this study. Based on these findings, it would be advisable to preempt the situation and institute containment procedures before possible East Coast fever outbreaks occur.

Keywords

Cattle; Central Equatoria; infestation; South Sudan; ticks

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