Abstracts

Foot-and-mouth disease control in Zambia: A review of the current situation

Yona Sinkala, D. Pfeiffer, C. Kasanga, J.B. Muma, M. Simuunza, A. Mweene
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 79, No 2 | a472 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v79i2.472 | © 2012 Yona Sinkala, D. Pfeiffer, C. Kasanga, J.B. Muma, M. Simuunza, A. Mweene | This work is licensed under CC Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0
Submitted: 12 June 2012 | Published: 20 June 2012

About the author(s)

Yona Sinkala, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development, Lusaka, Zambia
D. Pfeiffer, Royal Veterinary College, United Kingdom
C. Kasanga, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania, United Republic of
J.B. Muma, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zambia, Zambia
M. Simuunza, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zambia, Zambia
A. Mweene, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zambia, Zambia


Share this article

Bookmark and Share

Abstract

Zambia has been experiencing low livestock productivity as well as trade restrictions owing to the occurrence of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) and contagious bovine pleura pneumonia (CBPP). Foot-and-mouth disease was first recorded in Zambia in 1933 in the Western Province and since then the country has experienced repeated outbreaks. Bearing in mind the pressure that may be existing on the many risk factors for FMD including climate change, there is need to review our knowledge on FMD control.

We present the spatial distribution of the FMD outbreaks that have been recorded in Zambia in the last twenty years, and the effect of the vaccinations and movement control that have been applied. We propose further strain characterisation of previous FMD outbreaks, including full sequence of VP1 gene and the 5’UTR site. The data will be geo-coded and populated with risk factor attributes. We also present preliminary findings of the buffalo and cattle probang sampling that was conducted in Lochnivar and Kafue National Park. We further probang sampled 25 buffalo at each interface area in Sioma Ngwezi, Lukusuzi and Lower Zambezi national parks. Villages in close proximity to the buffalo populations as well as those not in close proximity will be multistage cluster sampled for comparison. The data will be geo-coded and populated with risk factor and foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) characterisation attributes. Data collected using a pre-tested structured questionnaire will be geo-coded and populated with identified risk factors and stored in a database and will be spatially modelled to determine their effect on FMD occurrence and control measures. New outbreaks of FMD that may occur will be investigated to find out if there are new strains involved, species affected and predisposing risk factors.

The authors conclude that impacts of FMD on livelihoods if appropriate control measures are not put in place are far more devastating especially at community level. Presented with the current poverty levels failure to institute result oriented control measures will exacerbate the already life-threatening situation.


Keywords

FMD; spatial distribution; control; Tanzania

Metrics

Total abstract views: 3185
Total article views: 6168


Crossref Citations

No related citations found.