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The risk factors for human cysticercosis in Mbulu District, Tanzania

Beda J. Mwang'onde, Gamba Nkwengulila, Mwita Chacha
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 81, No 2 | a719 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v81i2.719 | © 2014 Beda J. Mwang'onde, Gamba Nkwengulila, Mwita Chacha | This work is licensed under CC Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0
Submitted: 04 December 2013 | Published: 23 April 2014

About the author(s)

Beda J. Mwang'onde, Department of Zoology and Wildlife Conservation, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Division of Livestock and Human Diseases Vector Control, Tropical Pesticides Research Institute, Tanzania
Gamba Nkwengulila, Department of Zoology and Wildlife Conservation, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, United Republic of
Mwita Chacha, Department of Zoology and Wildlife Conservation, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Wellcome Trust Fellow, Department of Zoology and Wildlife Conservation, Tanzania


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Abstract

The objective of this study was to explore the reasons for the persistence of human cysticercosis (HCC) transmission in Mbulu District, northern Tanzania. The study was carried out in 25 villages, whereby five major risks were identified. The risks were indiscriminate defaecation and improper use of toilets; a free-range system of keeping pigs; indiscriminate or unregulated slaughtering and inadequate meat hygiene and inspection; consumption of undercooked and porcine cysticerci infected pork; and social structure and roles. All of the identified risks were backed up by the immanent lifestyles of the community involved. These findings are important for the development of intervention strategies in the study area.

Keywords

Human cysticercosis, porcine cysticercosis, risk factors, Mbulu district

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Crossref Citations

1. Why pigs are free-roaming: Communities’ perceptions, knowledge and practices regarding pig management and taeniosis/cysticercosis in a Taenia solium endemic rural area in Eastern Zambia
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