Original Research

Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia: Seroprevalence and risk factors in Western Oromia, Ethiopia

Garuma Daniel, Mukarim Abdurahaman, Getachew Tuli, Benti Deresa
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research | Vol 83, No 1 | a958 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ojvr.v83i1.958 | © 2016 Garuma Daniel, Mukarim Abdurahaman, Getachew Tuli, Benti Deresa | This work is licensed under CC Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0
Submitted: 17 March 2015 | Published: 12 May 2016

About the author(s)

Garuma Daniel, School of Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Ethiopia
Mukarim Abdurahaman, School of Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Ethiopia
Getachew Tuli, National Animal Health Diagnostic and Investigation Center, Sebeta, Ethiopia
Benti Deresa, School of Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Ethiopia


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Abstract

Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is one of the most important threats to cattle health and production in Ethiopia. At the livestock farm of the Bako Agricultural Research Center, an outbreak of respiratory disease of cattle occurred in May 2011, and many animals were affected and died before the disease was diagnosed. Therefore, this study was designed to determine the seroprevalence of CBPP antibodies in selected districts of Western Oromia Region and to assess the potential risk factors for the occurrence of the disease. A crosssectional study was conducted from November 2013 to March 2014 in three selected districts of Western Oromia Region. A total of 386 sera were examined for the presence of specific antibodies against Mycoplasma mycoidesmycoides small colony (MmmSC), using a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The risk factors that were evaluated in this study were geographical location, age, sex, breed and body condition. The overall seroprevalence in this study was 28.5%. The seroprevalence of Mycoplasma mycoidesmycoides small colony antibodies at the district level was 40.3%, 19.0% and 5.7% in Gobbu Sayyo, BakoTibbe and Horro districts, respectively. There was a statistically significant variation ( p < 0.05) in the prevalence of antibodies amongst the districts. However, animal-related risk factors, such as age, sex, breed and body condition, were not significantly associated ( p > 0.05) with the serological status of the animal. This study showed that the overall prevalence of CBPP in Western Oromia Zones was high. This warrants the implementation of appropriate preventive and control measures to minimise the economic losses associated with the disease.

Keywords: Seroprevalence, CBPP, risk factors, c-ELISA, Western Oromia Zones, Ethiopia


Keywords

Seroprevalence, CBPP, risk factors, c-ELISA, Western Oromia Zones, Ethiopia

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Crossref Citations

1. Sero-epidemiological investigation and risk factors for contagious bovine pleuro pneumonia infection of cattle in Dello Mena and Sawena Districts of Bale Zone, South Eastern Ethiopia
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doi: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0853